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On the Retrieval of Mixing Height from Ceilometers

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Bibliographic Details
Dissertation Note: Dissertation, Universi├Ąt Leipzig, 2013
Type of Resource: E-Book Thesis
Language: English
published:
Online-Ausg.. 2014
Subjects:
Source: Qucosa
Description
Summary: The subject of this thesis is the application of optical backscatter measurements to locate a special property of the lowest part of the atmosphere -- the mixing height. Mixing height is the altitude of the top of the layer where all the fluxes emitted at the ground become well mixed. Since Holzworth in 1967, the knowledge of this altitude is considered relevant when modeling transport of pollutants or general fluxes originating at the ground. Indirect estimations of the mixing height are possible using atmospheric models, but its accuracy is quite low. Since several institutions are attempting to estimate precise ground fluxes, networks of measurement stations are being created. The correct use of the measured fluxes, in order to estimate the evolution of the air masses, is limited by the accuracy of the localization of this layer. It can be detected in several different ways. Most are related to a direct sounding, performed with meteorological balloons. Remote sensing techniques are also attempted with acoustical or optical instruments. Both optical and acoustical methods have advantages and disadvantages. This work is focused on optical instruments like lidar and ceilometers, which are basically small cost-effective lidar systems.