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Reconstruction and actual trends of landslide activities in Bruust–Haltiwald, Horw, canton of Lucerne, Switzerland

Bibliographic Details
Journal Title: Geographica Helvetica
Authors and Corporations: Burkhalter, Philippe, Egli, Markus, Gärtner, Holger
In: Geographica Helvetica, 74, 2019, 1, p. 93-103
Type of Resource: E-Article
Language: English
published:
Copernicus GmbH
Subjects:
Description
Summary: <jats:p>Abstract. A spatiotemporal reconstruction of slope movements on the edge of Lake Lucerne near the municipality of Horw, canton of Lucerne, is presented. The reconstruction was realized by analyzing growth reactions of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and fir (Abies alba Mill.) trees growing on this slope. Before dendrochronological sampling, a detailed geomorphological mapping of the landslide was conducted with the aim to determine the spatial extent of the sliding area. For tree-ring analyses, 124 increment cores from 62 trees were analyzed following standard techniques of dendrogeomorphology. In addition, long micro-sections were prepared from the entire cores to extend the common eccentricity analyses by microscopic determination of the onset of reaction wood in fir and beech. Results clearly show that the area is moving at least since 1948. A significant concentration of events was observed between the years 1990 and 2000 as well as after 2006. The definition of a threshold to define events using an eccentricity index alone is problematic and needs to be adapted to specific site conditions. For this reason, we recommend always combining the application of an eccentricity index with a detailed visual (anatomical) inspection to check for the occurrence of reaction wood. </jats:p>
Physical Description: 93-103
ISSN: 2194-8798
DOI: 10.5194/gh-74-93-2019